in English

Seminar om Bes

Bes. Glyptoteket ÆIN 220 (foto: Anders Sune Berg)

Mødedato: Lørdag d. 16/5 2020 kl. 11-16
Lokale: KUA1 23.0.49

11.00 – Foredrag 1, v. Lise Manniche, mag art., PhD
12.15 – Frokost (medbring selv mad og drikke)
13.00 – Foredrag 2 v. Olaf Kaper, Professor of Egyptology, Leiden University
14.15 – Pause
14.45 – Foredrag 3, v. Christian E. Loeben, August Kestner Museum Hannover

I forbindelse med BES-udstillingen på Glyptoteket (åbner 30. april) vil lørdagsseminaret handle om Bes. Udstillingen er blevet til i samarbejde med Allard Pierson Museet i Amsterdam og August Kestner Museet i Hannover.

I Amsterdam var Olaf Kaper gæstekurator for udstillingen, og i Hannover, hvor udstillingen rejser til efter København, er Christian E. Loeben kurator. Det er således disse to, der sammen med Lise vil fortælle den lille, grimme, kære dæmongud Bes.

Bes på kanten v. Lise Manniche

Bes har en vigtig rolle at spille ikke blot som en lille ”husgud” for almindelige ægyptere, men også som statist i den officielle religion som den afspejler sig i arkitekturen.

I dette foredrag fokuserer Lise på tre forskellige tidspunkter i historien, hvor store Bes-figurer optræder i særlige rum i templer, der blev rejst i Ægyptens yderområder (Sakkara, Bahariya og Gebel Barkal).

The small gods of Ancient Egypt: examining Bes and Tutu v. Olaf Kaper

The gods of the ancient Egyptians were very many indeed, and the gods were grouped together in many different ways. Bes belongs to a class of gods that we may call “small gods”, with the use of an ancient Egyptian term. This lecture will discuss the place of Bes in the pantheon and compare him to the god Tutu, with whom Bes is sometimes depicted together.

By looking at the role of the small gods, we can understand better how the Egyptians saw their world and how they dealt with the overwhelming amount of divine beings that could help or threaten them.

Bes and Thoeris, two “small gods” in Ancient Egypt: same competence – different careers v. Christian Loeben

It is a remarkable phenomenon: The goddess Thoeris, Egyptian Ta-Weret (“The-Great-One”), has enjoyed adoration for the longest time in Egyptian history. However, Bes who really became Bes only as late as in Dynasty 26 (c. 600 B.C.E.) would very quickly supersede the venerable goddess as the most popular deity in the realm of Egyptian private life.

The lecture will analyse the mechanisms behind it and will finally show that the career of Bes in the later phases of Egyptian religion was not only an extraordinary one but was also exceedingly diverse.

– – – – – – – forår 2020 – – – – – – –

Embodying Ancient Egyptian Poetry: Performances and experimental philology

Barbara Ewing as Queen Neferu, 2014

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 13/2 2020 kl 19.00
Lokale: KUA1 23.0.49

Embodying Ancient Egyptian Poetry: Performances and experimental philology, v. Richard Parkinson, Professor of Egyptology, Oxford

The lecture will discuss the role of the performer’s voice in Middle Kingdom poetry, firstly from a historian’s perspective, and then from that of modern experimental performances.

These can offer different insights from traditional philological approaches, in terms of textual history, interpretation, and aesthetic, emotional impact.

The lecture will illustrate a series of performances of The Tale of Sinuhe, and an ongoing project to record this and two other 12th Dynasty poems with actress and author Barbara Ewing, to consider how can performers offer a model for translators and Egyptologists?

RBP is currently statutory Professor of Egyptology at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of The Queen’s College. He was previously a curator at the British Museum for almost 20 years. His research interests centre round the interpretation of ancient Egyptian poetry by ancient and modern audiences, and is interested in issues of performance practice, cultural power, and sexuality in Ancient Egyptian culture.

Se video med Richard og Barbara om Sinuhe:  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SpxVxa0ex-Y

Hør hele Barbaras oplæsning af Sinuhe (41 min): http://podcasts.ox.ac.uk/life-sinuhe

Karnak before and now

Karnak

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 16/4 2020 kl 18.00
Lokale: KUA1 15A.0.13

Karnak before and now, v. Mostafa AlSaghir, Director-General of Karnak temples

Karnak Temples – the place of Amun – is one of the largest monumental areas in the world. It is the main feature of the World Heritage Site of Ancient Thebes.

Around 2000 BC, there were already monuments here and almost all the kings of Egypt since that date till the end of the Roman period were keen to erect monuments for Amun, master of Karnak.

Sphinxallén mellem Karnak og Luxor

Sphinxallén mellem Karnak og Luxor

The lecture will uncover the history of the largest temple site in the world where millions of visitors admire the glory of ancestors as well as the Great Processional Way between Karnak and Luxor Temples.

The ongoing project at the Great Processional Way reveals its hidden stories and creates a massive open-air monumental area including Karnak, the Mut precinct, Luxor Temples and the Great Processional Way.

It was established during the New Kingdom with huge criosphinxes on both sides of the road and it holds the names of Tutankhamun, Ay, Horemheb, Sety II and Ramses III. King Nectanebo I of the 30th Dynasty who completed the Great Processional Way with human head sphinxes on both sides of the road.

 

Karnak before and now

Karnak

Mødedato: Tirsdag d. 21/4 2020 kl. 17.20 – døren låses!

Antikmuseet på Aarhus Universitet,
Victor Albecksvej, Århus C, bygning 1414

Karnak before and now, v. Mostafa AlSaghir, Director-General of Karnak temples

Karnak Temples – the place of Amun – is one of the largest monumental areas in the world. It is the main feature of the World Heritage Site of Ancient Thebes.

Around 2000 BC, there were already monuments here and almost all the kings of Egypt since that date till the end of the Roman period were keen to erect monuments for Amun, master of Karnak.

Sphinxallén mellem Karnak og Luxor

Sphinxallén mellem Karnak og Luxor

The lecture will uncover the history of the largest temple site in the world where millions of visitors admire the glory of ancestors as well as the Great Processional Way between Karnak and Luxor Temples.

The ongoing project at the Great Processional Way reveals its hidden stories and creates a massive open-air monumental area including Karnak, the Mut precinct, Luxor Temples and the Great Processional Way.

It was established during the New Kingdom with huge criosphinxes on both sides of the road and it holds the names of Tutankhamun, Ay, Horemheb, Sety II and Ramses III. King Nectanebo I of the 30th Dynasty who completed the Great Processional Way with human head sphinxes on both sides of the road.

 

The Treasury of Thutmosis I at Karnak

Arbejdet med fragmenter i Karnak Nord

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 26/9 2019 kl 19.00
Lokale: KUA1 23.0.49

The Treasury of Thutmosis I at Karnak: Finds in the storerooms, v. Ass. Prof. Dr. Irmgard Hein, Wien

The treasury of Thutmosis I is located within the wider area of Karnak North and was investigated by IFAO (Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale) under Jean Jacquet 1970-1978.

Kalkstensfragment fra Thutmosis Is Skatkammer

Kalkstensfragment fra Thutmosis Is Skatkammer

Materials and some groups of finds have been already published in six volumes by the excavator and his wife Helen Jacquet-Gordon, working on site until 2010. The find material from the area covers a large timespan, from the early Middle Kingdom, until the Ptolemaic and Roman era. A large part of the finds was left in the storerooms, which were built on site in Karnak North.

This material became the subject of a new study at the request of the Egyptian authorities. Under the umbrella of the IFAO the University of Vienna is working since 2013 in yearly campaigns to remove all find material from the site, in order to save and to protect the objects. The process is demanding because of new activities on site, however, it offers an opportunity to check the inventories, to provide digital photographic records and finally to study some hitherto unpublished material, before all objects are stored again in new massive facilities.

The variety of finds includes ceramics, small objects, or the very fine worked limestone relief fragments, that were once part of the decoration in the treasury of Thutmosis I, and which were cleaned and saved during the last two years. Not all finds are published, and so we now have the unique chance to complete the records for the hitherto unregistered and unpublished finds.

Cf. Homepage IFAO: https://www.ifao.egnet.net/recherche/archeologie/karnak-nord/

 

Lost in Time & Space

Paul Dominique Philippoteaux 1891

Mødedato: Onsdag d. 30/10 2019 kl 19.00
Lokale: KUA1 23.0.49

Lost in Time & Space: unrolling Egypt’s ancient dead, v. John J. Johnston, The Egypt Exploration Society, London

A frequent souvenir of wealthy travelers, the mummified cadavers of ancient Egyptians were not confined merely to museums but became an increasingly popular feature of salons and lecture theatres throughout London and, indeed, the Western world during the mid-nineteenth century.

The practice of publicly ‘unrolling’ mummies has been viewed as both a ghoulish spectacle for affluent sensation seekers and as an early scientific approach to the emerging discipline of Egyptology. This lecture places the practice within its social, cultural, and historical contexts.

John ruller en næsten ‘rigtig’ mumie ud på Glyptoteket dagen efter foredraget, 31/10. Foredraget giver en mere detaljeret baggrund for dette og kan ses som en appetitvækker.

 

Tales from Egypt

WesamMødedato: Torsdag d. 14/3 2019, kl. 17.20 – døren låses!

Antikmuseet på Aarhus Universitet,
Victor Albecksvej, Århus C, bygning 1414

Understanding ‘real-life’ Heritage issues: Tales from Egypt, v. Wesam Mohamed, PhD Fellow Aarhus University

The high significance of Egypt’s cultural heritage has widely influenced the academic fields since centuries. However, stories beyond the formal research might shed light on more crucial contexts.

This talk discusses critical ideas about Egyptian antiquities and their value using real-life examples. It presents different patterns of conceptions and behaviours concerning heritage; aiming to offer an in-depth view from inside the issues of value, ownership and identity.

Tales from Egypt

WesamMødedato: Torsdag d. 11/4 2019 kl 18
Lokale: KUA 15A.0.13

Understanding ‘real-life’ Heritage issues: Tales from Egypt, v. Wesam Mohamed, PhD Fellow Aarhus University

The high significance of Egypt’s cultural heritage has widely influenced the academic fields since centuries. However, stories beyond the formal research might shed light on more crucial contexts.

This talk discusses critical ideas about Egyptian antiquities and their value using real-life examples. It presents different patterns of conceptions and behaviours concerning heritage; aiming to offer an in-depth view from inside the issues of value, ownership and identity.

Excavations in museums stores

Hermann Junker i Turah 1910

Hermann Junker i Turah 1910

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 25/4 2019 kl 19
Lokale: KUA1 23.0.49

Excavations in museums stores – Updating the cemetery of Turah, v. Dr. Vera Müller, OREA – Institute for Oriental and European Archaeology, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna

At the time when Hermann Junker excavated the cemetery of Turah in 1910 it was very easy to receive permission to export excavated objects from Egypt, especially if they were not considered as unique or precious. The latter was especially true for the items from Turah, as they consist in their majority of pottery vessels and some stone vessels, whereas personal articles such as jewellery, cosmetic object or tools were rare.

Junker was nevertheless very happy about this disinterest, as the period from the late Predynastic and Early Dynastic Periods (end of 4th – beginning of 3rd mill. BC) were not yet represented in the Kunsthistorisches Museum in Vienna. Ever since its publication in 1912, the cemetery of Turah has been considered as one of the key sites of this period.

After more than a hundred years, the publication needs, however, an update based on modern methods. What Junker did not anticipate, was a similar disinterest of his colleagues in Austrian and some other museums, which means that nowadays a lot of effort has to be undertaken to even identify the material in the museum’s stores.

Hjemmeside (tysk): https://www.khm.at/en/learn/research/projects-and-results/aegyptisch-orientalische-sammlung/der-friedhof-von-turah/ 

 

Seminar – Tutankhamon

Trompet med trækerne fra Tutankhamons grav

Trompet med trækerne fra Tutankhamons grav

Tutankhamon i krig og fred

Mødedato: Lørdag d. 15/9, 2018, kl. 11-16
Lokale: 23.0.49

Foredrag 1 kl. 11-12.15:

Trompeter i det gamle Ægypten, v. Lise Manniche, mag. art., PhD

I Ægypten var trompeten ikke et musikinstrument, men et signalinstrument, og dermed hører den også hjemme blandt stridsvogne og andre krigseffekter.

trompet-holdes

Lise vil gennem billederne præsentere trompetens historie i landet og ved hjælp at det unikke fund af to trompeter i Tutankhamons grav diskutere dels trompeternes klangmuligheder, dels deres historie gennem de seneste næsten 100 år.

Kl. 12.15 Frokostpause (medbring selv mad og drikke)

Foredrag 2 kl. 13.00-14.15:

Double compound bow, decorated with bark, object card (Griffith Institute)

Double compound bow, decorated with bark, object card (Griffith Institute)

Bull’s Eye! Bows from the Tomb of Tutankhamun, v. André J. Veldmeijer Visiting Research Scholar, American University in Cairo

A variety of weapons and related equipment was found in the tomb of Tutankhamun, such as bows and arrows (and their accompanying wrist-guards, quivers and bow-cases), chariots, throwing sticks, clubs and daggers. Bows in particular feature prominently. This talk presents the results of an initial study of some of the bows coming from Tutankhamun’s tomb, with a discussion about their manufacture and suggestions for comparison and further study.

Pause kl. 14.15-14.45

Foredrag 3 kl. 14.45-16.00:

Tutankhamon

Tutankhamon

“Hans Majestæt kommer til syne på sin stridsvogn ligesom Re” – Stridsvogne i Tutankhamons grav, v. Ole Herslund, PhD

I det Ny Rige blev stridsvogne en integreret del af det faraoniske kongedømme. Fundet af hele seks stridsvogne og tilhørerende udstyr i Tutankhamons grav kaster lys over Farao som kriger og feltherre. I samspil med andre kilder diskuteres stridsvognens forskellige roller på slagmarken og dens indvirkning på militæret, kongens aktiviteter, ikonografi og ideologi.

 

Khufu’s harbour and papyri on the Red Sea

Mødedato: Tirsdag d. 20/11 2018, kl. 19.00
Lokale: KUA 21.0.54

Khufu’s harbour and papyri on the Red Sea: excavations at Wadi el-Jarf, v. Pierre Tallet, Professor of Egyptology – Sorbonne University, Paris

The Wadi el-Jarf site, excavated since 2011 by a team of the Paris-Sorbonne University, is a harbour on the Red Sea shore that was used at the beginning of the 4th dynasty to reach the copper and turquoise mines of the south-western part of Sinai Peninsula.

During the 2013 archaeological campaign, hundreds of fragments of papyrus from the end of Khufu’s reign were collected at the entrance of one of the storage galleries that are one of the most remarkable features of the site. This is, from now on, the oldest papyrus archive ever found in Egypt. This material was produced by a team of sailors which is already well known for its work on the harbour, and it mainly includes two categories of documents: accounts of commodities delivered to the workers, and logbooks recording their daily activities over several months.

Most surprisingly those last documents, for what is preserved of them, do not report to the activity of this group on the Wadi el-Jarf site. They describe previous missions led under the direction of the « inspector Merer », mainly devoted to the transport of limestone blocks from the quarries of Tura to the Great Pyramid of Khufu at Giza, then under construction on the opposite bank of the Nile.

 

Silt, Sand and Sherds – før sommerfesten

Mødedato: Tirsdag d. 12/6 2018 Kl. 18.00

Lokale: KUA1 22.0.11

Silt, Sand and Sherds: land- and waterscapes of ancient Thebes, ved Dr. Angus Graham, Wallenberg Academy Fellow, Dept. of Archaeology and Ancient History, Uppsala University, Sweden; Director, Egypt Exploration Society Theban Harbours and Waterscapes Survey

The Theban Harbours and Waterscapes Survey (THaWS) has been conducting a geoarchaeological, geophysical and topographic survey in the floodplains of the West and East Bank of Luxor since 2012.

The project has identified a secondary channel of the Nile lying just in front of the Ramesseum and the Colossi of Memnon. This finding has considerable influence on the reinterpretation of a connection between the temples of Millions of Years on the West Bank, the festivals and the possible location of the ‘marketplace’ of Deir el-Medina. An intensive survey has been carried out in and around the Temple of Millions of Years of Amenhotep III (Kom el-Hetan) in collaboration with Dr Hourig Sourouzian’s mission.

The talk will discuss the sedimentological picture of the ground upon which Amenhotep III founded his temple and why he placed it where he did. Other on-going work and future plans will also be discussed.

DÆS-sommerfest tirsdag d. 12/6 2018 efter foredraget

Travellers and Pilgrims

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 8/2 2018 Kl. 18.00

Lokale: 15A.0.13

Travellers and Pilgrims at the Time of the Ptolemies: Recent Investigations by the Oxford Expedition to Elkab, ved Luigi Prada, Visiting Associate Professor in Egyptology, University of Copenhagen & University of Oxford

The site of Elkab, in Upper Egypt, is renowned for the decorated tombs of its governors, dating to the New Kingdom, and for the colossal walls surrounding its ancient town, particularly the temple complex of the vulture-goddess Nekhbet.

Under field-director Vivian Davies, Oxford University’s expedition has recently extended its investigation of the site to the study of the reuse of its pharaonic monuments in the Late and Graeco-Roman Periods, at a time when pilgrims and travellers on the caravan routes of the Eastern Desert stopped-like today’s tourists-to visit the necropolis’ tombs and the temples of the nearby Wadi Hilal, leaving testimony of their visit in graffiti and inscriptions.

This lecture will offer an overview of the results of the work of the Oxford Expedition to Elkab, showing how a city that had seen the acme of its power in the New Kingdom was thriving with a second life a millennium later, at the time of the Ptolemies.

A Royal Building in the Capital

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 8/3 2018, kl. 19.00
Lokale: 23.0.49

A Royal Building in the Capital. Results of the Recent Excavations at Qantir-Piramesse, ved Dr. Henning Franzmeier, Field Director Qantir-Piramesse-Project
Roemer- and Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim

Qantir-Piramesse can be considered one of the largest archaeological sites of the Late Bronze Age far beyond the borders of Egypt. Between 1996 and 2012 large scale magnetic measurements were carried out at Qantir-Piramesse which give an impression of the layout of whole parts of the capital of Ramesside Egypt. Amongst the structures visible is a monumental building complex, interpreted as a temple and/or palace.

During two seasons of fieldwork in 2016 and 2017 excavations were carried out within this area to complement the magnetic measurements by archaeological excavation and to gather information concerning the buildings function. This work for the first time gave an insight into a building of a truly monumental scale at Piramesse, producing many unexpected features and finds such as colourfully painted plaster, burnt mudbricks and a mortar pit preserving the imprints of feet from 3,200 years ago.

The lecture will present the recent results and present some preliminary interpretations regarding the dating and function of this building which must have had an important role in Ramesside Piramesse.