Foredrag

Silt, Sand and Sherds – før sommerfesten

Mødedato: Tirsdag d. 12/6 2018 Kl. 18.00

Lokale: KUA1 22.0.11

Silt, Sand and Sherds: land- and waterscapes of ancient Thebes, ved Dr. Angus Graham, Wallenberg Academy Fellow, Dept. of Archaeology and Ancient History, Uppsala University, Sweden; Director, Egypt Exploration Society Theban Harbours and Waterscapes Survey

The Theban Harbours and Waterscapes Survey (THaWS) has been conducting a geoarchaeological, geophysical and topographic survey in the floodplains of the West and East Bank of Luxor since 2012.

The project has identified a secondary channel of the Nile lying just in front of the Ramesseum and the Colossi of Memnon. This finding has considerable influence on the reinterpretation of a connection between the temples of Millions of Years on the West Bank, the festivals and the possible location of the ‘marketplace’ of Deir el-Medina. An intensive survey has been carried out in and around the Temple of Millions of Years of Amenhotep III (Kom el-Hetan) in collaboration with Dr Hourig Sourouzian’s mission.

The talk will discuss the sedimentological picture of the ground upon which Amenhotep III founded his temple and why he placed it where he did. Other on-going work and future plans will also be discussed.

DÆS-sommerfest tirsdag d. 12/6 2018 efter foredraget

Alexandria og Pharos – og generalforsamling


Generalforsamling kl 18 fulgt af foredrag ca. kl. 19

Mødedato: Onsdag d. 24/1 2018 kl 18
Lokale: KUA1 22.0.11

Alexandria og Pharos: hvor alverdens kulturer mødes og fortiden smelter sammen med fremtiden, v. Ph.d. Niels Bargfeldt, Forskningsassistent, Aarhus Universitet.

Alexandria vest for Nildeltaet blev udlagt som en storslået kulturhovedstad for det nye ptolemæiske herskerdynasti, som overtog herredømmet i Ægypten efter Alexander den Stores død.

Metropolen bar præg af nye fantastiske ideer, byggekomplekser og kulturtiltag, men helt bevidst skulle byen ligeledes afspejle for længst forgangne tiders storhed og bringe fortiden i spil på ny. Her blev det berømte fyrtårn, Pharos, opført, et af den antikke verdens syv vidundere, men hvad betød det for Alexandria, og hvordan husker vi det i dag?

Niels har skrevet om Pharos i bogen ‘Antikkens 7 Vidundere‘ udgivet af Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2017.

 

A Royal Building in the Capital

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 8/3 2018, kl. 19.00
Lokale: 23.0.49

A Royal Building in the Capital. Results of the Recent Excavations at Qantir-Piramesse, ved Dr. Henning Franzmeier, Field Director Qantir-Piramesse-Project
Roemer- and Pelizaeus-Museum Hildesheim

Qantir-Piramesse can be considered one of the largest archaeological sites of the Late Bronze Age far beyond the borders of Egypt. Between 1996 and 2012 large scale magnetic measurements were carried out at Qantir-Piramesse which give an impression of the layout of whole parts of the capital of Ramesside Egypt. Amongst the structures visible is a monumental building complex, interpreted as a temple and/or palace.

During two seasons of fieldwork in 2016 and 2017 excavations were carried out within this area to complement the magnetic measurements by archaeological excavation and to gather information concerning the buildings function. This work for the first time gave an insight into a building of a truly monumental scale at Piramesse, producing many unexpected features and finds such as colourfully painted plaster, burnt mudbricks and a mortar pit preserving the imprints of feet from 3,200 years ago.

The lecture will present the recent results and present some preliminary interpretations regarding the dating and function of this building which must have had an important role in Ramesside Piramesse.

Seminar om Paradis

Mødedato: lørdag d. 5.5 2018 kl. 11-16
Lokale: 23.0.49

Paul John Frandsen, Lektor emeritus, ToRS
Jørgen Podemann Sørensen, Lektor emeritus, ToRS
Thomas Hoffmann, Professor MSO, TEO Afdeling for bibelsk eksegese

Foredragenes rækkefølge er ikke endelig.

Frokostpause ca. 12.15-13.00 og kaffepause ca. 14.15-14.45

Forårets seminar har paradisforestillinger som fællesnævner.
Der er tre foredragsholdere, religionshistorikeren Jørgen Podemann Sørensen, der fra foredrag, rejser og bøger vil være mange medlemmer bekendt; professor Thomas Hoffmann, en af landets førende eksperter på islam og koranen, og flittig deltager i samfundsdebatten; og endelig Paul John Frandsen.

Dødebogens ægyptiske paradis.
Jørgen Podemann Sørensen vil diskutere Dødebogens kapitel 110: Frodighed, øer, kanaler, landbrug – og dertil mad, drikke og sex. De ofte afbildede såkaldte Jarumarker eller offermarker i den ægyptiske dødebogs kapitel 110 har tilsyneladende alt til den tørstige mand og hans kone, og europæiske forskere har i dette dejlige landskab villet se et ægyptisk paradis, de saliges øer eller de elysiske marker. Men var det nu også et udtryk for en ægypters håb om en salig tilværelse efter døden? Det må komme an på en nøjere undersøgelse, ikke mindst af Dødebogens
kapitel 110.

Munkenes paradis.
Paul John Frandsen vil diskutere hensigten med at afbilde alle slags dyr i munkenes boliger, ikke mindst i det såkaldte Oratorium, dvs. det rum hvor sindet gennem bønnen tænkes at være i særlig grad åben for frelsestanken. Foredraget vil behandle koptisk kunst i bredere forstand.

Islamiske paradisforestillinger
Thomas Hoffmann holder sin titel lidt åben, og har foreløbigt beskrevet sine intentioner som følger: ”Islamiske paradiser: kalejdoskopiske blikke på islamiske paradisforestillinger fra Koranen til i dag”. I foredraget vil jeg introducere til de islamiske paradisforestillinger, særligt Koranens, herunder udvalgte religionshistoriske, kulturelle, sociale og politiske kontekster samt levere et forskningshistorisk overblik over nyere og ældre forskning.

Scribal statues

Niv skriver

Mødedato: Onsdag d. 4/10 2017, kl. 19.00
Lokale: 23.0.49

Scribal statues, v. Ph.d. Niv Allon, Assistant Curator, Metropolitan Museum, New York

The history of scribal statues spans almost two millennia, from the fourth Dynasty into the Late Period.Their consistency in form seemingly indicates stability in meaning to the point of fossilization.

A fundamental change in the statues’ inscriptions already during the Middle Kingdom suggests otherwise. In this period, the inscription on the papyrus surface starts referring to the textual activity itself.

This paper will explore the social and cultural setting of this change and its implications regarding the notion of literacy, as well the agents who took part in it, especially the vizier Mentuhotep who throughout Egyptian history remained the most prolific patron of scribal statues.

 

 

From Egypt to the Lake District

Anna Garnett
Mødedato: Søndag d. 8/10, Kl. 15.00
Lokale: 22.0.11

From Egypt to the Lake District: Objects from John Garstang’s Excavations in Kendal Museum, v. Anna Garnett, Curator, Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology

The north-west region is one of the richest in Britain for collections of ancient Egyptian material in public museums. Research into the history of the small Egyptology collection at Kendal Museum, located in the English Lake District, has revealed fascinating stories behind the objects and the characters associated with the collection. This presentation will provide an overview of the collection, focusing in particular on how objects from the excavations of John Garstang, Professor of Egyptian Archaeology at the University of Liverpool, made their way to Kendal.

Seminar om Mellemste Rige

Mødedato: Lørdag d. 11/11, 2017, kl. 11-16
Lokale: 22.0.11

Foredrag 1 kl. 11-12.15:
Who made the Middle Kingdom?, v. Stephen Quirke, Edwards Professor of Egyptian Archaeology and Philology, UCL London

In one of the most remarkable art historical studies on any period of ancient Egypt, Hans Gerhard Evers labelled the Middle Kingdom as a Staat aus dem Stein (1929).

His title instantly conveys the impact of the imposing statues of kings and their court, and Evers showed an equal appreciation for other imagery and materials, such as the dramatic faience figures of roaring wild animals. His more inquisitive eye opens the door to a different Nile environment, in which the monumental landscape emerges out of the earth through specific sets of skills, deployed by a wider and more diverse range of people over time. Where, then, can we locate the motors of these skills in the society of their time?

Much of the figurative art we see in museums was destined for liminal spaces – temples within enclosures, and cemeteries in the low desert. Yet these zones may have attracted only special instances of production, marginal to the main arena of ancient life. If we search instead for skill, artistry, among people in villages and towns, a different source of creative power might emerge, on the riverbank itself. In the ancient Egyptian language, the word wekhret means both dockyard and artist workshop.

In this talk, I follow the lead from this clue to rethink our image of ancient Egyptian society and art, and our chances of recognising its generative powers.

Frokostpause kl. 12.15-13.00 (medbring selv mad og drikke)

Foredrag 2 kl. 13.00-14.15:
Stylish Statuary,
v. Daniel Soliman, Postdoc, ToRS, Københavns Universitet

Numerous pieces of Egyptian sculpture in museum collections do not bare any inscriptions and are unprovenanced. By examining the style and the iconography of the sculptures, they can often be dated or even assigned to a specific individual.

For example, the famous greywacke head in the Glyptotek is attributed to Amenemhat III, based on careful comparison to securely dated statues of that king. Indeed, examination of stylistic and iconographic details can help contextualize sculpture, as will be illustrated by statues representing kings of the late Middle Kingdom. However, the study of iconography is based solely on material that survives, and at times it can be misleading.

This becomes particularly clear when we examine the two colossal seated statues, Cairo JE 45975 and JE 45976, which date to the late Middle Kingdom but were reworked under Ramesses II. Despite a commonly accepted iconographic dating criterion, I will argue that they were originally made for king Senwosret III.

Pause kl. 14.15-14.45

PindsvinForedrag 3 kl. 14.45-16.00:
A world in miniature: moulding images in the Middle Kingdom Egypt (2050-1650 BC),
v. Gianluca Miniaci, Senior Researcher, University of Pisa

The imaginary world of ancient societies has been populated by a large number of images, which were often reproduced in small models and statuettes. A diagnostic category of objects for Middle Kingdom plastic arts is represented by small figurines made of faience.

Flodhest-ÆIN-1588These faience models -usually between 5 and 15 cm- portray a broad range of animals taken both from the wild fauna and from the domestic environment, as for example the famous roaring hippopotamus ÆIN 1588. They include also a limited range of human figures principally representing “dwarves” and female figures deprived of the lowest part of the legs, and composite animal-human creatures, such as Aha/Bes or Ipi/Taweret.

Faience figurines were often found together with other categories of objects, such as ivory tusks, cuboid rods and feeding cups, which have been interpreted as tools for the protection of mother and child during pregnancy and childbirth. A comparative approach with other Middle Kingdom images taken both from other sources of the material culture and visual representations will contribute to understand the reasons behind particular inclusion and seclusion of iconographic motives on the faience figurines.

Dayr al-Barsha and Dayr al-Bahri

Harco

Mødedato: Tirsdag d. 5/12 2017, Kl. 18 (før julefesten)
Lokale: 23.0.49

Dayr al-Barsha and Dayr al-Bahri. Two Ritual Landscapes in the time of Mentuhotep II, v. Prof. dr. Harco Willems, KU Leuven, Dayr al-Barsha Project

Archaeological research at Dayr al-Bahri in the past decade and a half has revealed that the famous nomarchal tombs at that site, dating to the Middle Kingdom, did not stand in isolation, but formed the apex of a processional landscape governing the placement of thousands of tombs along a cult axis highlighting the status of the local governors.

The date of origin of this cultic landscape seems to be historically significant, and links Dayr al-Barsha to royal initiatives creating similar landscapes in Abydos and particularly Thebes. These specific examples will be discussed within the wider context of evidence for the evolution of divine and funerary processions in the Old and Middle Kingdoms.

Efter foredraget er der julefest

 

Niebuhrs Museum – og generalforsamling


Generalforsamling kl 18 fulgt af foredrag ca. kl. 19.30

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 26/1 2017 kl 18
Lokale: KUA1 22.0.11

Anne Haslund Hansen, Ph.D., Nationalmuseet

Anne Haslund Hansen fortæller om sit arbejde med bogen Niebuhrs Museum. Souvenirs og sjældenheder fra Den Arabiske Rejse 1761-1767.

Hvilke genstande kom med hjem fra den danske ekspedition og hvorfor? Anne vil især se nærmere på ekspeditionens tid i Ægypten.

Se mere om bogen, hvor den også kan købes:
http://www.forlagetvandkunsten.dk/111591/
https://www.plusbog.dk/niebuhrs-museum-anne-haslund-hansen-9788776953201/

 

Seminar om kroppen

Anne-Austin

Mødedato: Lørdag d. 4/3, 2017, kl. 11-16
Lokale: 23.0.49

Foredrag 1 kl. 11-12.15:
Embodying the Goddess: Tattooing and Worship in Deir el-Medina
Anne Austin, Ph.D., History Department, Stanford University

While tattooing is an increasingly popular topic, it is rarely discussed in the past owing to the infrequent identification of tattoos in human remains. This is particularly true in dynastic Egypt, where physical evidence of tattooing was limited to a set of three female Middle Kingdom mummies from Deir el-Bahri with geometric patterns placed on their arms and abdomens.

During the 2014-2015 mission of the Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale at Deir el-Medina, however, our team identified at least four individuals with tattoos including one woman with over two dozen separate, figural tattoos placed along her arms, neck, and shoulders.

This talk reviews the significance of this tattooed mummy from Deir el-Medina through a systematic analysis of the placement, orientation, order, and symbolism of her tattoos. These tattoos are compared with local cult objects and temple spaces in order to demonstrate that the use of cult images associated with Hathor links this woman with popular acts of worship at Deir el-Medina.

This mummy therefore not only offers a unique and significant contribution to our understanding of the practice of tattooing in ancient Egypt, but also the potential roles of women in religious worship in ancient Egypt.

LiseFrokostpause kl. 12.15-13.00 (medbring selv mad og drikke)

Foredrag 2 kl. 13.00-14.15:

Fosterbegravelser
Lise Manniche, mag. art., Ph.D.

I Ægypten er der mange eksempler på, at for tidligt fødte eller dødfødte børn har fået særlig opmærksomhed. De kendteste er de to små mumier fundet i Tutankhamons grav, men der er andre med mere beskeden herkomst og fra andre tidspunkter.

Lise har længe søgt en forklaring på dette fænomen og vil i foredraget fremlægge nogle resultater af sin forskning.

Jenny-tt65-mummy

A Coptic burial at TT65 (T. Bács, EA 17, 2000)

Pause kl. 14.15-14.45

Foredrag 3 kl. 14.45-16.00:

Coptic mummies and textiles in Western Thebes
Dr. Jennifer Cromwell, Post.Doc. ToRS, Københavns Universitet

The Theban mountain range was home to a large monastic population during the 7th and 8th centuries AD. From this period, we have a wealth of textual and archaeological information concerning the lives of the monks, including the preparations that they made for their burials.

In this respect, providing the appropriate funerary textiles was vital: new linen sheets and tapes with which to wrap the bodies. The Theban evidence reveals the different stages of the manufacturing process, from the textual record of flax growing, spinning, and weaving and supply of finished textiles, to the archaeological evidence of loom pits and even preserved wrapped mummies.

This presentation will examine the nature and range of the surviving evidence and discuss the importance of textile production to the monastic communities of Western Thebes.

 

The site management of Deir el-Medina

Cedric-Gobeil-DeM

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 27/4 2017, kl. 19
Lokale: 23.0.49

ved Dr Cédric Gobeil, Director of Egypt Exploration Society, Field Director of the French archaeological mission of Deir el-Medina

Cédric Gobeil will speak about the site management of Deir el-Medina as an example of joint multidisciplinary work including all the scientific fields that are needed at a multifaceted site such as Deir el-Medina. The lecture will be with many illustrations.

IFAO (på  fransk) om Deir el Medina:
http://www.ifao.egnet.net/archeologie/deir-el-medina/

 

Recent findings at Saqqara: the Leiden-Turin excavations at a New Kingdom cemetery

Lara-Weiss

Mødedato: Tirsdag d. 23/5 2017, kl. 19 
Lokale: 23.0.49

ved Dr. Lara Weiss, Curator collection Egypt, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden

Lara Weiss deltager i de hollandske udgravninger syd for Djosers Trinpyramide i Sakkara, hvor Horemhebs grav blev genfundet i 1975 fulgt af en række andre grave fra Ny Rige.

Der var tidligere tale om et samarbejde med Egypt Exploration Society, men i dag foregår udgravningerne sammen med Torino. De næste udgravninger er planlagt til at finde sted i foråret 2017, og Lara håber på at kunne fortælle om de nyeste opdagelser, når hun kommer til Danmark.

Læs mere om udgravningerne her: http://www.saqqara.nl 

The tomb of the priests of Amun and its find

Rogerio

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 13/10 2016, kl. 19

Lokale: KUA 23.0.49

v. Dr. Rogério Sousa, Univ. of Porto; Professor Researcher, Centre of Classical and Humanistic Studies (Univ. of Coimbra)

The tomb of the priests of Amun is the largest undisturbed site ever found in Egypt.

Uncovered in 1891 by Eugéne Grebaut and Georges Daressy, the 153burial assemblages found in the tomb were sent to the premises of the Giza Palace.

In 1892, a large portion of the collection was offered to 17 nations on the occasion of the coronation of the Khedive of Egypt Abbas II Hilmy. Dispersed by several museums and hidden in storerooms, this collection remained largely unpublished slowly falling into oblivion. It would take almost a century to acknowledge the real importance of this find.

On the occasion of the 125th Anniversary of the find, we will briefly present the history of the find and the results achieved by the Gate of the Priests Project. A particular emphasis will be given on the studies on coffin decoration.

The examination of the coffins found in the tomb reveals an unexpectedly vivid picture on the organization of the Theban workshops during the late 21st Dynasty, suggesting that funerary material culture became a fundamental aspect of the social control of the theocratic state of Amun.

Workmen’s marks at Deir el-Medina and the Valley of the Kings

CG24105

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 27/10 2016, kl. 19

Lokale: KUA 23.0.49

v. Daniel Soliman, Post-doctoral research fellow, ToRS, Københavns Universitet

The workmen who constructed the tombs of the royal family during the New Kingdom are very well attested. Much of their daily lives can be reconstructed thanks to the many objects discovered in and around the houses and tombs in the village where they lived, the site of Deir el-Medina.

In addition, a very large number of textual data about the tomb builders and their work has survived on ostraca from the village and the construction sites in the Valley of the Kings. The workmen therefore belong to one of the most studied communities of ancient Egypt.

It is less well known that every individual workman possessed a personal sign, an identity mark, which was often used as an indicator of personal property. Series of these identity marks were also inscribed on ostraca. Such ostraca were poorly understood by Egyptologists, but recent research has revealed much about the meaning and the date of these pieces.

This talk will discuss the usage of the marking system in the community of Deir el-Medina, and highlight the importance of the marks for the study of the construction of the tombs in the Valley of the Kings. Particularly interesting are the objects with identity marks from the Eighteenth Dynasty, a period which is less well documented.

 

Bogauktion med foredrag: Gifts for the Gods: Animal Mummies as Votives, Souvenirs and Specimens

Mummified-Jackal

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 3/11 2016, kl. 18 !!!

Efter foredraget vil der være bogauktion. Se boglisten: bogauktion-nov-2016-ruth-og-kurts-bogsamling-i.

Lokale: KUA 10.3.28 (frokoststuen på TORS).

v. Dr. Campbell Price, Curator of Egypt and Sudan, Manchester Museum, Univ. of Manchester

Animal mummies of many species survive in their millions. Their huge numbers are a testament to the scale of devotional practice in Egypt between around 750 BC and AD 100.

Dr. Campbell Price, Curator of Egypt and Sudan at Manchester Museum, describes the religious function of animal mummies, the history of Europeans acquiring animal mummies from Egypt and the scientific attempts to understand this mummified material.