Scribal statues

Niv skriver

Mødedato: Onsdag d. 4/10 2017, kl. 19.00
Lokale: 23.0.49

Scribal statues, v. Ph.d. Niv Allon, Assistant Curator, Metropolitan Museum, New York

The history of scribal statues spans almost two millennia, from the fourth Dynasty into the Late Period.Their consistency in form seemingly indicates stability in meaning to the point of fossilization.

A fundamental change in the statues’ inscriptions already during the Middle Kingdom suggests otherwise. In this period, the inscription on the papyrus surface starts referring to the textual activity itself.

This paper will explore the social and cultural setting of this change and its implications regarding the notion of literacy, as well the agents who took part in it, especially the vizier Mentuhotep who throughout Egyptian history remained the most prolific patron of scribal statues.



From Egypt to the Lake District

Anna Garnett
Mødedato: Søndag d. 8/10, Kl. 15.00
Lokale: 22.0.11

From Egypt to the Lake District: Objects from John Garstang’s Excavations in Kendal Museum, v. Anna Garnett, Curator, Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology

The north-west region is one of the richest in Britain for collections of ancient Egyptian material in public museums. Research into the history of the small Egyptology collection at Kendal Museum, located in the English Lake District, has revealed fascinating stories behind the objects and the characters associated with the collection. This presentation will provide an overview of the collection, focusing in particular on how objects from the excavations of John Garstang, Professor of Egyptian Archaeology at the University of Liverpool, made their way to Kendal.

Seminar om Mellemste Rige

Mødedato: Lørdag d. 11/11, 2017, kl. 11-16
Lokale: 22.0.11

Foredrag 1 kl. 11-12.15:
Who made the Middle Kingdom?, v. Stephen Quirke, Edwards Professor of Egyptian Archaeology and Philology, UCL London

In one of the most remarkable art historical studies on any period of ancient Egypt, Hans Gerhard Evers labelled the Middle Kingdom as a Staat aus dem Stein (1929).

His title instantly conveys the impact of the imposing statues of kings and their court, and Evers showed an equal appreciation for other imagery and materials, such as the dramatic faience figures of roaring wild animals. His more inquisitive eye opens the door to a different Nile environment, in which the monumental landscape emerges out of the earth through specific sets of skills, deployed by a wider and more diverse range of people over time. Where, then, can we locate the motors of these skills in the society of their time?

Much of the figurative art we see in museums was destined for liminal spaces – temples within enclosures, and cemeteries in the low desert. Yet these zones may have attracted only special instances of production, marginal to the main arena of ancient life. If we search instead for skill, artistry, among people in villages and towns, a different source of creative power might emerge, on the riverbank itself. In the ancient Egyptian language, the word wekhret means both dockyard and artist workshop.

In this talk, I follow the lead from this clue to rethink our image of ancient Egyptian society and art, and our chances of recognising its generative powers.

Frokostpause kl. 12.15-13.00 (medbring selv mad og drikke)

Foredrag 2 kl. 13.00-14.15:
Stylish Statuary,
v. Daniel Soliman, Postdoc, ToRS, Københavns Universitet

Numerous pieces of Egyptian sculpture in museum collections do not bare any inscriptions and are unprovenanced. By examining the style and the iconography of the sculptures, they can often be dated or even assigned to a specific individual.

For example, the famous greywacke head in the Glyptotek is attributed to Amenemhat III, based on careful comparison to securely dated statues of that king. Indeed, examination of stylistic and iconographic details can help contextualize sculpture, as will be illustrated by statues representing kings of the late Middle Kingdom. However, the study of iconography is based solely on material that survives, and at times it can be misleading.

This becomes particularly clear when we examine the two colossal seated statues, Cairo JE 45975 and JE 45976, which date to the late Middle Kingdom but were reworked under Ramesses II. Despite a commonly accepted iconographic dating criterion, I will argue that they were originally made for king Senwosret III.

Pause kl. 14.15-14.45

PindsvinForedrag 3 kl. 14.45-16.00:
A world in miniature: moulding images in the Middle Kingdom Egypt (2050-1650 BC),
v. Gianluca Miniaci, Senior Researcher, University of Pisa

The imaginary world of ancient societies has been populated by a large number of images, which were often reproduced in small models and statuettes. A diagnostic category of objects for Middle Kingdom plastic arts is represented by small figurines made of faience.

Flodhest-ÆIN-1588These faience models -usually between 5 and 15 cm- portray a broad range of animals taken both from the wild fauna and from the domestic environment, as for example the famous roaring hippopotamus ÆIN 1588. They include also a limited range of human figures principally representing “dwarves” and female figures deprived of the lowest part of the legs, and composite animal-human creatures, such as Aha/Bes or Ipi/Taweret.

Faience figurines were often found together with other categories of objects, such as ivory tusks, cuboid rods and feeding cups, which have been interpreted as tools for the protection of mother and child during pregnancy and childbirth. A comparative approach with other Middle Kingdom images taken both from other sources of the material culture and visual representations will contribute to understand the reasons behind particular inclusion and seclusion of iconographic motives on the faience figurines.

Dayr al-Barsha and Dayr al-Bahri


Mødedato: Tirsdag d. 5/12 2017, Kl. 18 (før julefesten)
Lokale: 23.0.49

Dayr al-Barsha and Dayr al-Bahri. Two Ritual Landscapes in the time of Mentuhotep II, v. Prof. dr. Harco Willems, KU Leuven, Dayr al-Barsha Project

Archaeological research at Dayr al-Bahri in the past decade and a half has revealed that the famous nomarchal tombs at that site, dating to the Middle Kingdom, did not stand in isolation, but formed the apex of a processional landscape governing the placement of thousands of tombs along a cult axis highlighting the status of the local governors.

The date of origin of this cultic landscape seems to be historically significant, and links Dayr al-Barsha to royal initiatives creating similar landscapes in Abydos and particularly Thebes. These specific examples will be discussed within the wider context of evidence for the evolution of divine and funerary processions in the Old and Middle Kingdoms.

Efter foredraget er der julefest


Niebuhrs Museum – og generalforsamling

Generalforsamling kl 18 fulgt af foredrag ca. kl. 19.30

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 26/1 2017 kl 18
Lokale: KUA1 22.0.11

Anne Haslund Hansen, Ph.D., Nationalmuseet

Anne Haslund Hansen fortæller om sit arbejde med bogen Niebuhrs Museum. Souvenirs og sjældenheder fra Den Arabiske Rejse 1761-1767.

Hvilke genstande kom med hjem fra den danske ekspedition og hvorfor? Anne vil især se nærmere på ekspeditionens tid i Ægypten.

Se mere om bogen, hvor den også kan købes:


Seminar om kroppen


Mødedato: Lørdag d. 4/3, 2017, kl. 11-16
Lokale: 23.0.49

Foredrag 1 kl. 11-12.15:
Embodying the Goddess: Tattooing and Worship in Deir el-Medina
Anne Austin, Ph.D., History Department, Stanford University

While tattooing is an increasingly popular topic, it is rarely discussed in the past owing to the infrequent identification of tattoos in human remains. This is particularly true in dynastic Egypt, where physical evidence of tattooing was limited to a set of three female Middle Kingdom mummies from Deir el-Bahri with geometric patterns placed on their arms and abdomens.

During the 2014-2015 mission of the Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale at Deir el-Medina, however, our team identified at least four individuals with tattoos including one woman with over two dozen separate, figural tattoos placed along her arms, neck, and shoulders.

This talk reviews the significance of this tattooed mummy from Deir el-Medina through a systematic analysis of the placement, orientation, order, and symbolism of her tattoos. These tattoos are compared with local cult objects and temple spaces in order to demonstrate that the use of cult images associated with Hathor links this woman with popular acts of worship at Deir el-Medina.

This mummy therefore not only offers a unique and significant contribution to our understanding of the practice of tattooing in ancient Egypt, but also the potential roles of women in religious worship in ancient Egypt.

LiseFrokostpause kl. 12.15-13.00 (medbring selv mad og drikke)

Foredrag 2 kl. 13.00-14.15:

Lise Manniche, mag. art., Ph.D.

I Ægypten er der mange eksempler på, at for tidligt fødte eller dødfødte børn har fået særlig opmærksomhed. De kendteste er de to små mumier fundet i Tutankhamons grav, men der er andre med mere beskeden herkomst og fra andre tidspunkter.

Lise har længe søgt en forklaring på dette fænomen og vil i foredraget fremlægge nogle resultater af sin forskning.


A Coptic burial at TT65 (T. Bács, EA 17, 2000)

Pause kl. 14.15-14.45

Foredrag 3 kl. 14.45-16.00:

Coptic mummies and textiles in Western Thebes
Dr. Jennifer Cromwell, Post.Doc. ToRS, Københavns Universitet

The Theban mountain range was home to a large monastic population during the 7th and 8th centuries AD. From this period, we have a wealth of textual and archaeological information concerning the lives of the monks, including the preparations that they made for their burials.

In this respect, providing the appropriate funerary textiles was vital: new linen sheets and tapes with which to wrap the bodies. The Theban evidence reveals the different stages of the manufacturing process, from the textual record of flax growing, spinning, and weaving and supply of finished textiles, to the archaeological evidence of loom pits and even preserved wrapped mummies.

This presentation will examine the nature and range of the surviving evidence and discuss the importance of textile production to the monastic communities of Western Thebes.


The site management of Deir el-Medina


Mødedato: Torsdag d. 27/4 2017, kl. 19
Lokale: 23.0.49

ved Dr Cédric Gobeil, Director of Egypt Exploration Society, Field Director of the French archaeological mission of Deir el-Medina

Cédric Gobeil will speak about the site management of Deir el-Medina as an example of joint multidisciplinary work including all the scientific fields that are needed at a multifaceted site such as Deir el-Medina. The lecture will be with many illustrations.

IFAO (på  fransk) om Deir el Medina:


Recent findings at Saqqara: the Leiden-Turin excavations at a New Kingdom cemetery


Mødedato: Tirsdag d. 23/5 2017, kl. 19 
Lokale: 23.0.49

ved Dr. Lara Weiss, Curator collection Egypt, Rijksmuseum van Oudheden, Leiden

Lara Weiss deltager i de hollandske udgravninger syd for Djosers Trinpyramide i Sakkara, hvor Horemhebs grav blev genfundet i 1975 fulgt af en række andre grave fra Ny Rige.

Der var tidligere tale om et samarbejde med Egypt Exploration Society, men i dag foregår udgravningerne sammen med Torino. De næste udgravninger er planlagt til at finde sted i foråret 2017, og Lara håber på at kunne fortælle om de nyeste opdagelser, når hun kommer til Danmark.

Læs mere om udgravningerne her: 

The tomb of the priests of Amun and its find


Mødedato: Torsdag d. 13/10 2016, kl. 19

Lokale: KUA 23.0.49

v. Dr. Rogério Sousa, Univ. of Porto; Professor Researcher, Centre of Classical and Humanistic Studies (Univ. of Coimbra)

The tomb of the priests of Amun is the largest undisturbed site ever found in Egypt.

Uncovered in 1891 by Eugéne Grebaut and Georges Daressy, the 153burial assemblages found in the tomb were sent to the premises of the Giza Palace.

In 1892, a large portion of the collection was offered to 17 nations on the occasion of the coronation of the Khedive of Egypt Abbas II Hilmy. Dispersed by several museums and hidden in storerooms, this collection remained largely unpublished slowly falling into oblivion. It would take almost a century to acknowledge the real importance of this find.

On the occasion of the 125th Anniversary of the find, we will briefly present the history of the find and the results achieved by the Gate of the Priests Project. A particular emphasis will be given on the studies on coffin decoration.

The examination of the coffins found in the tomb reveals an unexpectedly vivid picture on the organization of the Theban workshops during the late 21st Dynasty, suggesting that funerary material culture became a fundamental aspect of the social control of the theocratic state of Amun.

Workmen’s marks at Deir el-Medina and the Valley of the Kings


Mødedato: Torsdag d. 27/10 2016, kl. 19

Lokale: KUA 23.0.49

v. Daniel Soliman, Post-doctoral research fellow, ToRS, Københavns Universitet

The workmen who constructed the tombs of the royal family during the New Kingdom are very well attested. Much of their daily lives can be reconstructed thanks to the many objects discovered in and around the houses and tombs in the village where they lived, the site of Deir el-Medina.

In addition, a very large number of textual data about the tomb builders and their work has survived on ostraca from the village and the construction sites in the Valley of the Kings. The workmen therefore belong to one of the most studied communities of ancient Egypt.

It is less well known that every individual workman possessed a personal sign, an identity mark, which was often used as an indicator of personal property. Series of these identity marks were also inscribed on ostraca. Such ostraca were poorly understood by Egyptologists, but recent research has revealed much about the meaning and the date of these pieces.

This talk will discuss the usage of the marking system in the community of Deir el-Medina, and highlight the importance of the marks for the study of the construction of the tombs in the Valley of the Kings. Particularly interesting are the objects with identity marks from the Eighteenth Dynasty, a period which is less well documented.


Bogauktion med foredrag: Gifts for the Gods: Animal Mummies as Votives, Souvenirs and Specimens


Mødedato: Torsdag d. 3/11 2016, kl. 18 !!!

Efter foredraget vil der være bogauktion. Se boglisten: bogauktion-nov-2016-ruth-og-kurts-bogsamling-i.

Lokale: KUA 10.3.28 (frokoststuen på TORS).

v. Dr. Campbell Price, Curator of Egypt and Sudan, Manchester Museum, Univ. of Manchester

Animal mummies of many species survive in their millions. Their huge numbers are a testament to the scale of devotional practice in Egypt between around 750 BC and AD 100.

Dr. Campbell Price, Curator of Egypt and Sudan at Manchester Museum, describes the religious function of animal mummies, the history of Europeans acquiring animal mummies from Egypt and the scientific attempts to understand this mummified material.


Seminar: Glas fra fjerne egne



Mødedato: Lør. d. 26/11, 2016, kl. 11 – 15.
Lokale: KUA 23.0.49

Frokostpause kl. 12.30-13.30 (tag selv mad og drikke med)

v. Seniorforsker Flemming Kaul, Nationalmuseet og Museumsinspektør Jeanette Varberg, Moesgaard Museum

Citat fra ”Et internationalt samarbejde mellem Moesgaard Museum, Nationalmuseet og Institut de Recherche sur les Archéomateriaux (CNRS) i Orléans, Frankrig, har resulteret i nye opdagelser om handelsvejene mellem Danmark og oldtidskulturerne i Ægypten og Mesopotamien i Bronzealderen for 3400 år siden.Opdagelsen bringer også banebrydende nyt om solkulten i den nordiske bronzealder.”

Der er sikkert mange, som har hørt eller læst om dette, og det er en stor glæde, at Jeanette og Flemming vil komme og fortælle DÆS om deres opdagelser. Der vil også være mulighed for spørgsmål og diskussioner, og mellem de to foredrag holder vi en frokostpause.

Afsides koptiske kirker i Etiopien

Ivar 1
Generalforsamling kl 18 fulgt af foredrag ca. kl. 19.

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 28/1 2016 kl 18
Lokale: KUA1 22.0.11

ved læge Ivar Aagaard-Hansen

Ivar, Susanne og Henrik var med Paul John Frandsen på DÆS’ tur til Etiopien i 2003. Ved Pauls foredrag i foråret blev de inspireret til at tage til Etiopien igen og gå i dybden med de koptiske kirker i Tigray.

Etiopien blev koptisk kristent omkring 350 e.Kr. Den koptiske kirke blev ekskluderet af de andre kirker ved kirkemødet i Chalchedon i 451, og siden har troen udviklet sig forholdsvis isoleret i Etiopien, med patriarken i Alexandria som øverste (fjerne) religiøse instans. Troen præger landet og hverdagen, og det er bevægende at se den uendelige mængde af pilgrimme, der vandrer gennem landet på pilgrimsfærd til kirkefester. I oktober 2015 tog Ivar Aagaard-Hansen sin kone Susanne Brammer og den trofaste rejsefælle Henrik Bjerresø til Nord-Etiopien, hvor Tigray-kirkerne var hovedmålet. Kirkernes malerier er fra 16-1800-tallet, fra en periode, hvor muslimerne ofte trængte hærgende ind i landet, og de kristne måtte gemme sig. Fortællingen om kirkerne går dog uvægerligt tilbage til de mytiske tvillingekonger, som indførte kristendommen. Kirkerne ligger oftest på utilgængelige steder i bjergene, og man må for det meste vandre og klatre i timer for at nå dem. Vi kommer med på disse ture, også til kirkerne i Lalibela, til svovlsøer i saltørkenen i Danakil, og op til aberne i Simien Nationalpark.


Seminar om ørkenen



Mødedato: Lør. d. 12/3, 2016, kl. 11 – 16.
Lokale: Lokale 22.0.11, KUA1

kl. 11.00 PhD Ole Herslund,,
kl. 12.15 Frokostpause (husk madpakke)
kl. 13.00 PhD Lise Manniche
kl. 14.15 Pause (husk kaffe)
kl. 14.45 Paul John Frandsen, lektor emeritus
– slutter ca. kl. 16

Ingen landskabstype har været genstand for så mange forestillinger og projektioner som ørkenen. Her fristes mennesket, møder sagnomspundne byer, oplever karavanerejsens magi, drømmer om universets mangfoldighed, lider, ser fatamorganaer, og går til grunde.

Temadagens tre foredrag ser på aspekter af livet i ørken.

Ole Herslund vil se nærmere på de arkæologiske levn og berette om, hvad der rent faktisk møder den, der bevæger sig ud i de ægyptiske ørkener i dag.
Lise Manniche ser på ørkenen som kilde til rigdom. Her er fortælles om stenbrud, handel og de moderne oaser.
Paul John Frandsen ser på ørkenen som kilde til frygt og som civilisationskritisk spejlbillede på Nildalens civilisation, i faraonisk og kristen tid.

About Princesses and Robbers. New research in the Kings’ Valley.

University of Basel Kings’ Valley Project, M. Kacicnik

University of Basel
Kings’ Valley Project,
M. Kacicnik

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 31/3 2016, kl. 19.00
Lokale: 22.0.11, KUA1

ved Prof. Dr. Susanne Bickel, Universität Basel

The lecture will present recent results from the investigations of the University of Basel Kings’ Valley Project. Research focusses on so far unknown tombs from the 18th dynasty that were prepared for members of the royal family and entourage. Although badly looted by antique and modern robbery, the fragmentary funerary equipment opens new insight into burial practices and social structures at pharaoh’s court.

Se mere om University of Basel Kings’ Valley Project