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Demotic Medical Papyri in Denmark – og sommerfest

Amber Jacob

Amber Jacob

Mødedato: Onsdag 8.6 2022 Kl. 18.00

Lokale: KUA – 23.0.49
Sommerfest efter foredraget

Demotic Medical Papyri in Denmark: Insights into Medical Practice in Graeco-Roman Egypt, v. Amber Jacob, Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, NY

This paper will present an overview of an unpublished corpus of Demotic medical texts currently being edited for publication by the author. The corpus comprises the largest collection worldwide of Egyptian medical texts from the Graeco-Roman period, deriving from the well-documented Tebtunis Temple Library in the Fayum Oasis.

The majority of this material is held in the Papyrus Carlsberg Collection at the University of Copenhagen, with a smaller number of fragments in other collections. Having a known archaeological context for these texts is in itself unique amongst medical papyri from Egypt, and the corpus affords opportunities for research goals in largely unexplored avenues of ancient medicine.

For instance, Tebtunis has additionally yielded around thirteen Greek medical papyri, some of which were likely copied by the same bilingual Egyptian scribes responsible for the Demotic texts. The corpus thus provides an unprecedented opportunity for a case-study in the cross-cultural exchange of medical knowledge in antiquity. Further, the corpus reveals insights into previously unrecognized features of Egyptian medicine, including the first discovered Egyptian treatise on nephrology, the branch of medicine concerning the kidneys.

Dermatological treatises reveal a point of common concern between the Demotic and Greek texts and form connections with other papyri from the library concerning cult-hierarchy. The proctological material, however, represents a distinctly Egyptian tradition. The manuscripts also contain a trove of information on ancient pharmacy and botany. This paper will provide an overview of the main medical themes and methods of the texts while also seeking to illuminate their professional, social context and the manuscript tradition in which they were written.

DÆS-sommerfest onsdag d. 8.6 2022 efter foredraget

 

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Lørdagsseminar om Post-Amarna-grave

Mødedato: Lørdag 30.4 2022 kl. 11-16

Lokale: KUA – 23.0.49

Meryra

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Kl. 11 – Lise Manniche, mag art., PhD
Variationer over et tema. Musikalske billeder i og efter Amarnatiden

I Amarna-tidens billedkunst møder vi både tradition, nyfortolkning og radikale ændringer. Blandt mange, markante eksempler præsenteres her et enkelt: musikken som den afspejles i kunsten i de 17 turbulente år af Akhenatens regering.

I hvilket omfang overlevede kongens straksløsninger under hans umiddelbare efterfølgere i gravene i Theben og Memphis? I relief og maleri lå der et stort ansvar hos omridstegneren, som gengav det, han anså som korrekt her og nu i forhold til opgaven, men vi kan ikke forvente, at han også havde kendskab til alle detaljer i instrumenter og opførelsespraksis.

Kl. 12.15 – Frokost (medbring selv mad og drikke)

Huy

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Kl. 13 – Gabriele Pieke, Curator, Reiss-Engelhorn-Museen, Mannheim
Finding a New Balance. Non-Royal Tombs of the Post Amarna Period in Western Thebes

The paper gives an overview on the development of non-royal funerary monuments at Thebes from the reign of Tutankhamun to Horemheb in terms of social stratum of owners, the location of the monuments in the necropolis, and the architecture of the cult chapels. The changes in tomb decoration will be illustrated by some selected chapels, which were built shortly after the Amarna period such as Parennefer/ Wennenfer, Amenhotep Huy, or Neferhotep.

These tombs exhibit iconographic programs, which rely on traditional images on the one hand but also integrate new concepts and even Amarna motifs. The concept and composition of some of these chapels appear to be strongly influenced by the Amarna period, while at the same time explicit image quotations link the tombs to their pre-Amarna neighbours at Thebes. The preserved funerary sculpture likewise attests traditional Theban forms but also certain shifts.

Kl. 14.15 – Pause

NicoStaring

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Kl. 14.45 – Nico Staring, F.R.S.-FNRS / Université de Liège
Saqqara during the post-Amarna period

The Amarna period presents an exciting episode in pharaonic history. The period spans less than two decades yet witnessed major social and religious transformations. Akhenaten, ordered the construction of a rock-cut tomb east of his new city, and the highest palace officials and administrators (the ‘elite’) followed his example. In so doing, they left the necropolises associated with the traditional foremost cities of the kingdom, Thebes and Memphis.

Soon after king Akhenaten died, his city, Akhetaten, entered a process of abandonment. The elite moved north to Memphis and built their tombs on the desert plateau west of the old city. This lecture focuses on the Memphite necropolis of Saqqara during the post-Amarna period, and explores what effects the events of the Amarna and post-Amarna period had on the cemetery’s development and tomb art.

 

Archive or not? Amarna letters in Egyptian perspective

Amarna – Central city plan

Mødedato: Onsdag 11.5 2022  kl. 19.00

Lokale: KUA – 23.0.49

Archive or not? Amarna letters in Egyptian perspective, v. Jana Mynářová, Associate Professor of Egyptology, Charles University, Prague

Because of the richness of details and the very nature of the individual texts, the Amarna letters traditionally occupy a very prominent position in the discussion of relations between Egypt and its partners in the ancient Near East, especially in the second half of the second millennium BCE.

At the same time, however, these texts, written in cuneiform on clay tablets, form an integral part of the rich body of Egyptian material culture from Tell el-Amarna (ancient Akhetaten).

The aim of this lecture is to present the historical and social context in which cuneiform and Egyptian cultures interacted on Egyptian soil and what their immediate cultural and political relationship was. Based on the analysis of archaeological and written sources, the background of this largely hybrid tradition will be reconstructed.