Lørdagsseminar om Bes

Bes. Glyptoteket ÆIN 220 (foto: Anders Sune Berg)

Mødedato: Lørdag d. 29/5 2021 kl. 11-16
Lokale: KUA1 23.0.49

11.00 – Foredrag 1, v. Lise Manniche, mag art., PhD
12.15 – Frokost (medbring selv mad og drikke)
13.00 – Foredrag 2 v. Olaf Kaper, Professor of Egyptology, Leiden University
14.15 – Pause
14.45 – Foredrag 3, v. Christian E. Loeben, August Kestner Museum Hannover

I forbindelse med BES-udstillingen på Glyptoteket (åbner 20. maj) vil lørdagsseminaret handle om Bes. Udstillingen er blevet til i samarbejde med Allard Pierson Museet i Amsterdam og August Kestner Museet i Hannover.

I Amsterdam var Olaf Kaper gæstekurator for udstillingen, og i Hannover, hvor udstillingen rejser til efter København, er Christian E. Loeben kurator. Det er således disse to, der sammen med Lise vil fortælle om den lille, grimme, kære dæmongud Bes.

Bes på kanten v. Lise Manniche

Bes har en vigtig rolle at spille ikke blot som en lille ”husgud” for almindelige ægyptere, men også som statist i den officielle religion som den afspejler sig i arkitekturen.

I dette foredrag fokuserer Lise på tre forskellige tidspunkter i historien, hvor store Bes-figurer optræder i særlige rum i templer, der blev rejst i Ægyptens yderområder (Sakkara, Bahariya og Gebel Barkal).

The small gods of Ancient Egypt: examining Bes and Tutu v. Olaf Kaper

The gods of the ancient Egyptians were very many indeed, and the gods were grouped together in many different ways. Bes belongs to a class of gods that we may call “small gods”, with the use of an ancient Egyptian term. This lecture will discuss the place of Bes in the pantheon and compare him to the god Tutu, with whom Bes is sometimes depicted together.

By looking at the role of the small gods, we can understand better how the Egyptians saw their world and how they dealt with the overwhelming amount of divine beings that could help or threaten them.

Bes and Thoeris, two “small gods” in Ancient Egypt: same competence – different careers v. Christian Loeben

It is a remarkable phenomenon: The goddess Thoeris, Egyptian Ta-Weret (“The-Great-One”), has enjoyed adoration for the longest time in Egyptian history. However, Bes who really became Bes only as late as in Dynasty 26 (c. 600 B.C.E.) would very quickly supersede the venerable goddess as the most popular deity in the realm of Egyptian private life.

The lecture will analyse the mechanisms behind it and will finally show that the career of Bes in the later phases of Egyptian religion was not only an extraordinary one but was also exceedingly diverse.

Revisiting the treatment of the viscera: from organs to the Sons of Horus

Figures of the Four Sons of Horus found in the abdominal cavity of Nesenaset. Mud and wax. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 25.3.156a–d.

Figures of the Four Sons of Horus found in the abdominal cavity of Nesenaset. Mud and wax. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 25.3.156a–d.

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 18/2 2021 kl. 18.00
Lokale: KUA1 15A.0.13

Revisiting the treatment of the viscera: from organs to the Sons of Horus, v. Solène Klein, PhD student, Oriental Studies (Egyptology), University of Oxford

As part of the wider process of mummification, the removal and treatment of the viscera is traditionally regarded as a necessary step towards the preservation of the body.

This has been the dominant understanding for the last 150 years, despite being less supported by sources than we might imagine. In fact, it has not been the focus of detailed empirical research, being instead perpetuated as an overall explanatory framework—a framework that devalues the nuances and importance of viscera-related practices in the embalming ritual.

This paper offers a reassessment of existing conceptual and material perspectives and examines the role of viscera-related practices in transforming the human body into divine body and in protecting the newly created divine entity.

A number of new insights into evisceration and viscera-related practices are discussed. Firstly, that they are transformative and protective processes – where the internal organs are transformed into the Sons of Horus and where protection is enabled through their material representation.

Secondly, that there are no fundamental changes in practices, despite material differences observed in the canopic equipment, as the Sons of Hours remain a constant through their representation in burial context, across different sites.

Building textile archaeology in the Nile Valley

Elsa Yavanez

Cotton textiles from Qasr Ibrim (©Trustees of the British Museum) and textile tools from El-Hassa and Meinarti (Sudan National Museum). (Photos: Elsa Yvanez)

Mødedato: Torsdag d. 25/3 2021 kl. 19.00
via zoom. Link er sendt på nyhedsmail til medlemmerne.

Skriv til elin@daes.dk hvis du er medlem – og ikke har modtaget linket.

Building textile archaeology in the Nile Valley, v. PhD Elsa Yvanez, PostDoc, Marie Sklodowska-Curie fellow, Tekstilcentret, Københavns Universitet

Hundreds of years of excavations along the Nile Valley have yielded great amounts of ancient textiles from Egypt and Sudan, well preserved thanks to the arid climate. Settlement sites have shown textile fragments, archaeobotanical remains, fibres, and threads, as well as many implements used for textile manufacturing; but it is from graves that most of the material comes from.

The complex funerary rites of ancient Egypt and Sudan made great use of textile material, for wrapping human and animal remains, for offerings and for furnishing the tombs. From settlements to cemeteries, from iconography to textual sources, textiles were everywhere in the economy and society of the ancient Nile Valley.

Their omnipresence and important social role are often implied in scholarly literature, but this formidable textile material is still not studied and published to its full potential. Inspired by the current renewal of textile research in academia, new research projects are now emerging, advocating for a more inclusive and multi-disciplinary approach.

This lecture will propose a model to build textile archaeology in the Nile Valley, using material from Meroitic Sudan as a case-study (TexMeroe, Marie Skłodowska-Curie project 743420). It will then present new perspectives currently opening in the domain of Pharaonic textiles.

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